Bird Families

Collar Yukhina / Parayuhina diademata


The end of Dedyukhin's story is known, the city disappeared under the waters of the Kama reservoir. But there are two versions of the foundation. According to one, the Dedyukhinsky salt fishery was started by the Stroganovs, namely Anikey Fedorovich Stroganov, according to the other, it was founded by the Pyskorsky monastery.

It is known that the Dedyukhinskoye usolye, discovered by the "newcomer" of the Perm Territory Dedyukhin, who was called the prince in the chronicles, since 1606 belonged to the Pyskorsky Monastery. In 1684 the settlement was referred to as a usolye, and in 1700 - a village. In 1764, the Dedyukhinsky plant was taken away from the Pyskorsky monastery to the treasury, under the authority of the Solikamsk governor.

In 1805 Dedyukhin was declared a mountain town. Mountain cities were founded to attract a free population to them. In 1814, the lands of the Pyskor copper-smelting plant were given over to the Dedyukhinsky salt administration. There were all the conditions for a good life in the city. The navigable Kama connected Dedyukhin with Perm and other cities; there was a lot of fish in the river. Dedyukhinskoe salt administration was directly subordinate to the Department of Mining and Salt Affairs of the Ministry of Finance. However, there was no prosperity. The city's factory doctor Dmitry Petukhov wrote that Dedyukhin was more of a village, and the most trashy and dirty. The doctor blamed the officials for the bad life of the city.

However, it was an ordinary typical district town of the Russian Empire with unpaved streets and other delights of provincial life. The city had a beautiful Nativity of Christ Cathedral, founded in 1732.

Not far from it stood the magnificent Church of All Saints, built in 1854 at the expense of the Moscow merchant Karmolin, who runs the salt industry.

Let's make a small digression and tell her sad fate. The church functioned until the flooding of Dedyukhin by the Kama reservoir in 1952. Moreover, it was not flooded, but transported to Abramovo and placed on Lomonosov Street. But they located a sewing workshop in it, and later - a people's court. In the late 80s, the church was destroyed.

In the district town of Dedyukhin there were several schools, an almshouse and a hospital. The city of Dedyukhin is the birthplace of the famous historian of the Urals A.A. Dmitriev, epidemiologist E.I. Karnoukhova.

By 1917, Dedyukhin turned into an ordinary workers' settlement, which in 1932 became part of the city of Berezniki. During the construction of the Kama reservoir in 1956, the territory of the former city was completely submerged.

The memory of the city was preserved in the name of the island Dedyukhinsky at the northern outskirts of the city of Berezniki near the left bank of the Kama.

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As of November 2018, 11 species are included in the genus:

  • Yuhina bakeri Rothschild, 1926 - Red-headed yuhina, native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar and Nepal.
  • Yuhina brunneiceps Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 - Brown-headed juhina, endemic to the island of Taiwan.
  • Yuhina castaniceps (F. Moore, 1854) - Red-eared yukhina, lives in the Indian subcontinent and in Southeast Asia.
  • Yuhina diademata J. Verreaux, 1869 - Collared yuhina, lives in China, Myanmar, Nepal and Vietnam.
  • Yuhina everetti (Sharpe, 1887) - lives in Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia.
  • Yuhina flavicollis Hodgson, 1836 - Yellow-occipital yukhina, inhabits the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
  • Yuhina gularis Hodgson, 1836 - Motley-throated Yuhina, lives in Bhutan, India, China, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal and Vietnam.
  • Yuhina humilis (Hume, 1877) - lives in Myanmar and Thailand.
  • Yuhina nigrimenta Blyth, 1845 - Tit yuhina, common in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal and Vietnam.
  • Yuhina occipitalis Hodgson, 1836 - Red-bellied yuhina, lives in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar and Nepal.
  • Yuhina torqueola (Swinhoe, 1870) - lives in the south of China.